Scope of computer science engineering

Scope of Computer Science Engineering and Information Technology

Computer Science Engineering and Information Technology drive the world and has become an indispensable part of human civilization. For every learned individual, it is an asset for the knowledge economy. Computer Science Engineering not only grooms research scientists who have passion for invention and novel design of new technology and explore new vistas for the use of existing technology. Prospective computer technologists are supervised and guided by experts to study and solve complex problems in computing in all walks of human endeavour especially in business, science, medicine, and education sector.

With the evolution of newer technologies like Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Robotics, IoT, etc., the scope of computer science engineering has grown in leaps and bounds. The CS branch has been completely redefined with the inclusion of emerging technologies in the course. Nowadays, the students are keener on learning the newer technologies to fit the professional environment. In fact, the computer science engineering graduates, who didn’t study these technologies, join the short-term courses to learn the fundamentals and advanced concepts of these technologies.

Career Prospects in Computer Science Engineering

Booming IT sector in India has plenty of jobs for fresh computer science graduates. Candidates from top engineering Universities and colleges Like JK Lakshmipat University get attractive job offers from giant MNCs & IT companies. A person having B.Tech in computer science & engineering or information technology can start his career as IT engineer. Career in IT is considered one of the most high-paying jobs and is full of opportunities; particularly when India’s prowess in information technology industry is recognized across the globe. Besides the Computer Engineers have plenty of options to work in IT companies in departments such as design, development, assembly, manufacture and maintenance, etc.

Major Positions acquired by Computer Science Graduates 

Software Application Developer

Role & Responsibilities

  1. Builds, tests, and upgrades software & computer applications
  2. Enhances the existing capabilities of existing software by modifying
  3. Increases software feasibility by evaluating software requirements and user needs

Anticipated Growth by 2024: 19% Hike (Much faster than expected)

Web Developer

Roles & Responsibilities

  1. Coding of web pages from the scratch and updating the content
  2. Testing the UI 7 UX of the websites and modifying it as per user feedback
  3. Backing up and maintaining the data of the website

Anticipated Growth by 2024- 27% Hike (Much faster than expected)

Computer System Analyst

  1. Improves the computer system by analyzing the data processing problems
  2. Creates and tests the system design procedures
  3. Amplifies the compatibility of system for easy information sharing

Anticipated Growth by 2024- 21% Hike (Much faster than expected)

Data Administrator

  1. Administers and tests the database of computer system
  2. Implements changes and rectifies errors in database of computers
  3. Safeguards the information by applying safety measures

Anticipated Growth by 2024- 11% Hike (Much faster than expected)

Network System Administrator

  1. Implements and maintains the network system in an organization
  2. Invigilates the functions of websites to warrant uninterrupted operation
  3. Backs up data and performs disaster recovery functions

Anticipated Growth by 2024- 8% Hike (Much faster than expected)

Apart from the scope of computer science engineering graduates in the conventional fields, multiple career avenues have also unlocked with the rise of advanced technologies, such as:

  • Machine Learning Engineer
  • Data Scientist
  • Artificial Intelligence Experts
  • Robotics Engineer
  • IoT (Internet of Things) Expert

When & How one should start with computer science engineering?

Engineering is the most hunted after class of 12th in India. Any student from 12th standard with physics, chemistry, and mathematics is eligible to take admission in engineering. Diploma candidate can also take admission in B.Tech 2nd year as lateral entry. However, there is a rigorous selection procedure at place for computer engineers wherein admission to the B.E/ B.Tech courses is extremely competitive in most of the top-notch universities like JK Lakshmipat University. Students who are passionate about technology and machines can become an engineer by cracking one of the engineering entrance exams. The some significant engineering entrance exams in India are AIEEE, IIT-JEE, UPTU, RTU, JKLU-EET, etc. Students may opt for M.E/ M. Tech in Computer Science for further specialization in Computer Science. Almost all the top universities in Rajasthan such as JK Lakshmipat University (JKLU) offer both graduate and postgraduate engineering courses in the stream of Computer Science & Engineering and Information Technology.

Scope of computer science engineering is not just confined to IITs; in fact, the rise of other private universities offering engineering education in CS enables the students to kick-start a successful career in computer science engineering. Think life beyond IITs and there is nothing to be disappointed if you failed to crack IIT admission procedure.

Scope of Computer Science Engineering: Top Companies hiring Graduates

Giant MNCs and IT companies across the world embrace the computer science graduates who gain immense knowledge while gaining engineering education. The scope of computer science engineering is on its ever high with the surging demand of CS professionals in various sectors including MNCs, IT firms, healthcare units, automotive industry, automation industry, and numerous others. Some of the amazing companies that lay the red carpet for computer science graduates are listed below.

Google, Yahoo, Hewlett-Packard, International Business Machines Corporation, Toshiba Corporation, Dell Inc, NEC Corporation, Canon Inc, Apple Inc, ASUSTEK Computer Inc, Acer Inc, Lenovo Group Limited, SAIC, Sun Microsystem, TCS, Infosys, HCL, Wipro, CMC, CMS, L&T, Techmahindra etc.

Tips:

Like all other engineering professions, Computer Engineering too requires practical knowledge to be employable. There is no short-cut for computer professionals, whatever one knows needs to be put into practice and loopholes would come out only when exposed to projects and other practices. Therefore, candidates who are willing to make a career in IT industry should have maximum exposure to practical knowledge so that they can perform efficiently.

Experiential knowledge is a mandate thing to be a master of the subjects included in computer science engineering. Also, you need to be pro-active to know how the technologies are advancing in the field of computer science engineering. You need to keep pace with the paradigm shift in computer science engineering by being accustomed to emerging technologies. It will help you grow professionally in an unprecedented manner. Recruiters love the professionals who are adept at all the related technologies or in other words, you need to be jack of all trades in computer science. The scope of computer science engineering is endless;; you just need to learn how to encash this scenario.

Why is Computer Science Engineering a Hot Pick?

As per the latest reports, Indian IT & ITeS companies are on the pinnacle of growth with the establishment of over 1,000 global delivery centers in more than 80 countries worldwide. There is no denying the fact that Indian has emerged as the largest sourcing destination, accounting the massive market share of US$ 185-190 billion global services. The global sourcing market size in India will continue to grow at a rapid pace; hence, the opportunities for computer science engineers will be endless.

Surprisingly, with 75 per cent of global digital clients, India has been titled as the hub of digital capabilities. Let’s discourse about the opportunities in computer engineering with current and anticipated IT market size in India:

Current & Anticipated IT Market Size in India

In 2017-18, the IT & ITeS industry touched the figure of US$ 167 billion in India. Only in 2018, the export from the IT industry grew to US$ 126 billion while domestic IT revenues improved with a new number of US$ 41 billion.

Market Size (Current & Anticipated)

India’s IT & ITeS industry grew to US$ 167 billion in 2017-18. Exports from the industry increased to US$ 126 billion in FY18 while domestic revenues (including hardware) advanced to US$ 41 billion.

It is anticipated that the Indian IT & ITeS sector will grow over 10 per cent in 2019. The long-term goal of US$ 350 billion industry revenue is predicted to be accomplished by 2025.

 Investments & Developments

The significant growth and competency of the Indian IT sector have attracted global investors to invest in India. If we talk about the Foreign Direct Investment in India’s software and hardware industry then it’s worth around US$ 32.23 billion from April 2000 to June 2018, as per the report released by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).

Initiatives by Government for IT & ITeS Sector

Indian Government has also realized the potential of the IT sector and listed it as one of the 12 champion service sectors. The government has allocated a budget of Rs 5,000 crore (US$ 745.82 million) for these champion service sectors.

NITI Aayog has decided to establish a national level programme to spread awareness about how to leverage AI technology for different tasks in India.

The above-stats testify the ample scope for budding computer engineers in India. Moreover, below illustration shows the growth revenue of Indian IT market exports, thereby exceeding the opportunities for global exposure of Indian computer science engineers.

CSE

About the Author:

Prof. Gireesh KumarProf. Gireesh Kumar is working as Assistant Professor at the Department of Computer Science & Engineering, JK Lakshmipat University, Jaipur. He has more than six years of academic & teaching experience. He is pursuing his Ph.D in the area of Software Reliability. He has published nine research papers in international journals and conferences.