As electricity demands are increasing day by day causing unbalance in the present grid system which results in various causes like load shedding, unbalance voltage etc. which ultimately affects the consumers.
Though government has taken series of steps to increase the generation capacity, it has lagged behind electricity demand and in addition to this, almost 25 -30% generated power is lost due to theft and other technical and non-technical factors. The major part of this loss occurred in the distribution sector, which is most daunting sector due to its complexity, interface with public at large with different needs & expectations. These high losses are neutralizing all other efficiency and improvement initiatives, which are the biggest challenges for distribution sector. The need to improve this sector was realized and step had taken to reduce high transmission & distribution (T&D) losses, control the theft / pilferage and rationalize the tariff.
The adaptation of smart grid offers a potential to revolutionize electricity supply system more effectively. Smart grid is a platform that integrates, monitor and operate electrical system in an automated fashion and provides a better use of existing network with basic automation systems followed by its upgradation. In India, challenges for implementation of smart grid are high transmission & distribution (T&D) losses, power theft, inadequate grid infrastructure, low metering efficiency and lack of awareness. The adoption of smart grid in India is a necessity not a luxury and will have following priorities. Continue reading
Prof Dr-Ing Anupam Kumar Singh*
Summary: Ethics and professional values are the most precious for professionals such as Engineers, Doctors, Lawyers, and Tax consultants. Since civilizations, India has been recognized for high ethical, professional and human values. However, after arrival of foreign rulers as well neo-rulers post-independence, there has been sharp decline and degradation in ethical and professional standards among Indian youths. The important reasons for degradation of ethical standards may be attributed to values in the university such as privatization of higher education system, delay in reinforcement of minimum technical education standards, easy access to large pool of information available through internet; values in the community such as excess exposure to social and digital media resources, declining human values among family and youths, limited mentoring support from family, and values in the world community such as over dependence on material wealth. The situation got further compounded as values in the world community got extremely high social recognition, and thus excessive increasing the market demand of professions such as engineers, doctors, managers, and lawyers. This article explores new possibilities and means for high professional values for technical education in India. The author suggests several possibilities to recover lost glory of Indian civilization, and establish once again modern Bharat based on high standards in human values and ethics, simplicity of living, and freedom of professional expression.
The Technical education landscape is changing rapidly due to establishment of large number of private universities and academic institutions in India during last 10-years. Indian higher education system needs massive expansion up to 1500 universities during next 5 years, in order to attain a gross enrolment ratio of 15% of the population, as desired by Government of India. In spite of last 6-decades of sustained efforts, India has just 160 central universities, 320 state universities, 210 private universities, and 12,800 technical institutions. The academic quality of these universities and institutions varies due to poor compliance of academic standards as laid down by regulatory agencies. Just one-third of universities and one-fifth of technical institutions in India have been accredited either by National Academic and Accreditation Council (NAAC) or National Board of Accreditation (NBA). Continue reading